Uses: Flooring, furniture, vehicle construction, interior joinery, Plywood manufacture and sliced for decorative veneers. It is unsuitable for exterior work.
General Description: Red Oak's heartwood resembles other oaks with a biscuit to pink colour, but has a reddish tinge. Mostly straight grained and coarse textured, with a less attractive figure than white oak due to smaller rays. Southern red oak has a more rapid growth than northern red oak and is harder, heavier and coarser textured. Weight about 770 kg/m³ (48 lb/ft³); specific gravity .77.
This timber has medium bending strength and stiffness with high crushing strength and is classified as a very good steam bending timber.
Natural tendency to dry slowly, with liability to split, check or honeycomb, and needs care in both air drying and kilning. There is medium movement in service.
Red Oak's heartwood is non-durable and liable to insect attack but is moderately resistant to preservative treatment; the sapwood is permeable.
Family Name: Fagaceae
Latin Name: Quercus spp
Distribution: Eastern USA and South Eastern Canada.
Also known as: northern red oak (Canada and USA); southern red oak, Spanish oak (USA); swamp red oak, cherrybark oak (USA); shumard red oak (USA).